Hiroshima is the first city in the world to suffer from a nuclear attack. This is the Memorial Cenotaph hoping to reconstruct the ruined Hiroshima as a peaceful city. Ex-professor of Tokyo University, Tange Kenzo, designed the monument and its saddle-shaped roof in the hope of protecting those victims from the rain. The cenotaph carries an epitaph: "Rest in Peace, for the error shall not be repeated". The central stone room carries the list of name of both domestic and overseas A-bomb victims.